Pisa Cathedral Pisa Cathedral

Pisa Cathedral Dome is the Cathedral, it is not sacred as Basilica (the only one in Pisa is San Piero a Grado), but is the main church as well as the Archbishop's Office.

Its origins are medieval and although devoted to Santa Maria Assunta, it was originally called Santa Maria Maggiore.

Begun in 1063/1064 (Pisan Calendar applicable at that time) by the architect Buschetto, with part of the loot of the battle/war in Sicily against Muslims, it was created with the merger of different stylistic elements from classical, Byzantine, Lombard-Emilian and Islamic, as a demonstration of the power of the markets of Pisa at that time at international level.

In 1092 from simple Cathedral, the Church became Primatial (title of primate conferred by Archbishop Daibert and Pope Urban II ), today only formal title.

The Cathedral was consecrated in 1118 by Pope Gelasius II, expanded over the years, with projects of changing the fa├žade until the present appearance of the complex building, which is the result of repeated restoration campaigns occurred in different ages (the more radical intervention was a result of the disastrous fire of 1595, where even the roof was rebuilt!).

Pisa Cathedral mosaic
Pisa Cathedral mosaic Mosaic at Pisa Cathedral

Magnificence in prevalent Romanesque style (Pisan Romanesque), it symbolizes the prestige and wealth of the maritime Republic of Pisa at the height of its power and of its strength. Five naves compose its structure with transept to three naves, architecturally composed from three basilicas (Central Body and two transepts). Its external style is full of multi-coloured marble decorations, mosaics, including the most important one, that of the " Apse Catino made by Cimabue, and many bronze objects. The arches recall the Muslim influences and southern Italy and many objects and decorations are the result of war spoils, as the immense granite Corinthian columns between the nave and the apse, which come from the mosque of Palermo.

All the "gates", but for the San Ranieri gate set in front of the Bell Tower, are not the original ones because those were destroyed by the terrible fire of 1595.

Pisa Cathedral interior Interior of Pisa Cathedral

Between the central nave and the transept, there is a wooden vault, under which, according to the legend, Galileo Galilei formulated " the theory of isochronism of the pendulum " looking for chandelier swing for incense coming down from the ceiling of the nave. The chandelier, today is still present and known as "Lamp of Galileo ", although it is not the original one, which is smaller (and easily swivelling with the wind) and is located in the Monumental Cemetery.

The Interior of the Cathedral is covered with black and white marble, with a gilded coffered ceiling, rich in frescoes. The "Pergamo" or " Pulpito" "by Giovanni Pisano, considered his first work in the early 1300 's (it was dismantled during the restoration works of the 1600 and not reassembled until 1926); it represents/view nine scenes of the New Testament, and was rebuilt in a different location from the original one not being present any documentation indicating its previous place... and definitely with the parties non in the same order and orientation in which it was designed.

Pisa Cathedral interior Interior of Pisa Cathedral

In the era of "Dictatorial Power", Mussolini donated the four "simple" columns that are part of the "Pergamon", because after the reconstruction were missing some parts (such as scale); to honour the DUCE, columns were placed in plain sight.
The building, as the bellower, collapsed quickly into the soil, and some landslides in the building are clearly visible, like the differences in level between the aisle of Buschetto and the prolongation by Rainald (the westward bays and facade).

Pisa Cathedral mosaic
Pisa Cathedral mosaic Pisa Cathedral

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One of the most famous tower in the world but much more

Please start reading Things to do in Pisa: The main attractions in Pisa and in the surrounding area

Pisa Miracle's Square

Pisa Miracles' Square

The leaning tower of Pisa is "just" one of a majestic and evocative context, set in one of the most beautiful historical scenarios in the world: the Pisa Miracles' Square (World Heritage site).

Pisa Cathedral

Pisa Cathedral

In the extraordinary context of Square of Miracles in Pisa, near the leaning tower and Baptistery..the Pisa Cathedral

Pisa Baptistery

Pisa Baptistery

The Pisa Baptistery, devoted to St. John the Baptist, stands in front of the west facade of the Cathedral.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa, one of the most famous and visited Tower in the world.

Monumental Cemetery of Pisa

Monumental Cemetery of Pisa

The Monumental Cemetery of Pisa, In the miracle's square of Pisa, near the leaning tower, the Cathedral and the Baptistery.

Opera and Sinopie Pisa Museum

Opera and Sinopie Pisa Museum

The Opera and Sinopie Pisa Museum, in the extraordinary context of Square of Miracles, in addition to Baptistery, the Cathedral and of course the Leaning Tower