Pisa Miracle's Square Pisa Miracles' Square

The Pisa Miracles' Square is the most important artistic and tourist centre of the city.
In the Square, submitted by UNESCO in 1987 as world heritage site, it is possible to admire some monuments creating the centre of religious life of the city, the so-called MIRACLES (an expression coined by Gabriele D'Annunzio) for their beauty and originality which synthesize the astonishment and admiration that has captured for centuries, all those who, crossing the walls, embrace its whiteness over the glistening grass.

The square containing the Cathedral, the Baptistery, the Graveyard and the Steeple (leaning tower of Pisa), thanks to the extraordinary beauty of the monuments, is also called with the popular name of Square of Miracles.

Pisa Miracle's Square Pisa Miracles' Square

The square is pedestrianized, it is covered by a large lawn and assumed its final appearance only in XIX century after demolition works, new buildings and restoration of the previously nominated famous monuments (the main jobs are due to architect Alessandro Gherardesca).

The Cathedral is located in a just off-center area from the old town, therefore it is easily reachable by foot for the short distance; this choice comes from both the expansion of the old MEDIEVAL Town, much smaller and thus as a sign of power and because it is near to Archbishopric.

Its maintaining, together with the one of the monumental complex, is given since its construction to the Opera della Primaziale Pisana (http://www.opapisa.it/it/home-page ).

The structure of the square recalls the "Libra of the Zodiac", with the Tower as a fulcrum, representing the allegory of a supposed etymology of the name of the city, located where already at the time of the Etruscans was the religious Centre of the city.
The three other main Monuments: the Cathedral of Santa Maria Maggiore, the Baptistery and the Graveyard symbolically represent the three fundamental moments of the life of man: the Birth (the Baptistry), the Life (the Cathedral) and Death (the Graveyard..Monumental Cemetery).

The square already existed in EARLY MEDIEVAL TIMES, where there was a church devoted to Santa Maria or Santa Liberata (or Reparata), with a small hexagonal Baptistery.
The area was also used as a seat of Etruscan tombs.

To reach the Square, one had to go through the Lion's Gate, one of the most strategic points to access the city and for this reason it was even the most fortified part, protected by three towers: Santa Maria, Lion and Catallo.
In 1173, when began the construction of the steeple, the square was slowly bounded; on the south from the building of the "New Hospital of the Holy Spirit "and to the North by the Monumental Cemetery.

Pisa Miracle's Square Pisa Miracles' Square, Leaning Tower and Cathedral

Once the city was conquered by the MEDICI domination, several changes were made: the Lion's Gate was closed forever and the area in front of such access was granted to the Jewish community for their cemetery, a new gate was opened (by Cosimo I De ' Medici) called " New Gate", along the road in front of the Hospital (which was totally modified in the Florentine style losing every Gothic original connotation) and numerous buildings were constructed in the available free spaces.

Only the intervention of Alexander Gherardesca gave rise to the shape of the square as it looks today, at the end of the 19th century it was decided to restore its original conditions, eliminating gradually all structures built during the Mediceo-Lorenese domination, thus giving some respite to the area

Today the area of the Cathedral is closed to the North and West by the medieval walls, with the Tower of Santa Maria, the Lion's Gate, the Tower of Catallo and New Gate, while the South side is occupied by the long structure of The Old Hospital of the Holy Spirit, now part of the Spedali Riuniti of Santa Chiara (it hosts among other things the Museo delle Sinopie); next to Steeple is located the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo.

Pisa Miracle's Square Pisa Miracles' Square, Particular
Giuseppe VaccĂ  and Giovanni Antonio Cybei made the marmoreal fountain that welcomes at the entrance of the Square from Via Santa Maria.

Near the San Ranieri Gate remains a column supporting a Vase of Roman style. This was the symbol of the imperial power, and according to the legend, that vase was deemed the Vase of the " talent" that Emperor Caesar gave to Pisa and which was used to measure " the wealth that was given to him" as a witness of the ancient grandeur of the city and his alleged importance within the Roman Empire; the" crater "became in the new location at the height of the fourteenth-century monument, the symbol of Pisan fidelity to Medieval Empire.

After the fire in the Cathedral of 1595, the work was dismantled and then replaced by a simplified version with the copy of Roman Vase.
Currently, the red porphyry Column is located in the Graveyard and the original Vase is in warehouses of the Opera del Duomo.

The latest changes were made at the beginning of the 20th century during the "Fascist" epoch with the monument to LUPA of Roma on the lawn between Steeple and the Palace of the Opera del Duomo (in 1926 for the visit of Mussolini to Pisa), the seventeen cypresses planted along the eastern edge of the square in memory of all deceased fascist militants and the opening of two doors on the sides of New Door.

Let's see now the main monuments of Square of Miracles, click on the image below that you wanna read.

Pisa Miracle's Square Pisa Miracles' Square

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Please start reading Things to do in Pisa: The main attractions in Pisa and in the surrounding area

Pisa Miracle's Square

Pisa Miracles' Square

The leaning tower of Pisa is "just" one of a majestic and evocative context, set in one of the most beautiful historical scenarios in the world: the Pisa Miracles' Square (World Heritage site).

Pisa Cathedral

Pisa Cathedral

In the extraordinary context of Square of Miracles in Pisa, near the leaning tower and Baptistery..the Pisa Cathedral

Pisa Baptistery

Pisa Baptistery

The Pisa Baptistery, devoted to St. John the Baptist, stands in front of the west facade of the Cathedral.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa, one of the most famous and visited Tower in the world.

Monumental Cemetery of Pisa

Monumental Cemetery of Pisa

The Monumental Cemetery of Pisa, In the miracle's square of Pisa, near the leaning tower, the Cathedral and the Baptistery.

Opera and Sinopie Pisa Museum

Opera and Sinopie Pisa Museum

The Opera and Sinopie Pisa Museum, in the extraordinary context of Square of Miracles, in addition to Baptistery, the Cathedral and of course the Leaning Tower